The Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Gait: Normal, Elderly and Pathological, 2nd Edition
David A. Winter
ISBN 0-88898-105-8; paper, 1991
143 Pages, 125 Figures, 50 Tables, 500 References
FOCUS OF THE BOOK
Gait (walking and running) is the most common of human movements. Although we usually take it for granted it is one of the most complex and totally integrated movements. It has been described and analyzed more than any other total movement, and scores of laboratories are dedicated to the assessment of gait, both normal and pathological.
This book is intended to be a resource of normative data for both young adults and the fit and healthy elderly, and how to interpret and integrate those variables, especially as they relate to motor control. Special attention is focused on the balance and support tasks in gait and on the integrated assessment of pathological gait. Coverage is also given to measurement techniques, their advantages and disadvantages and even some erroneous techniques that hinder valid interpretation.
The 8 Chapters contain bibliographies totaling more than 500 research reports.
Terminology, conventions and standards vary widely from lab to lab. This publication attempts to resolve the problem by providing a comprehensive list of terms whose definitions have been agreed upon by an ad hoc committee of the International Society of Biomechanics.
WHO WILL BE INTERESTED
This book addresses the needs of the following professionals:
I. Rehabilitation personnel in rehabilitation engineering, physical medicine, clinical kinesiology, physiotherapy, orthopaedic surgery, sports medicine, prosthetics and orthotics.
II. Researchers in basic human movement: kinesiology, biomechanics, bioengineering, and neuromuscular control.
III. Physical education researchers and teachers.
1. Glossary of terms, definitions and conventions.
2. Handbook of normative data on a wide range of gait variables including references to children’s and elderly gait. Inter- subject averaged curves are presented at three walking cadences (slow, natural, fast) for the kinematic and kinetic measures; for normal EMG profiles and for the kinematic and kinetic profiles of the elderly, natural cadence data are presented. For the more important variables, tables are presented in the Appendix to enable other laboratories to compare or use the same database.
I. Temporal, cadence and stride length measures
II. Kinematic variables over the stride period: joint angles and velocities, foot and trunk trajectories
III. Kinetic variables over the stride period: reaction forces, moments of force, mechanical power
IV. EMG profiles of 25 muscles over the stride period
Special Gait Topics
I. Balance, Posture and Support Synergies
II. Gait Patterns of the Fit and Healthy Elderly
III. Assessment of Pathological Gait